Lubelski IPN kwestionuje zwycięstwo Polaków nad Ukraińcami w 1918 roku

Oddział IPN w Lublinie kwestionuje zwycięstwo Polaków w bitwie z Ukraińcami pod Dołhobyczowem w 1918 roku. Jak podkreśla „Nasz Dziennik”, jest to wbrew opinii historyków wojskowości. IPN powołuje się na fragment z ukraińskiej publikacji, której autor należał do zbrodniczej Organizacji Ukraińskich Nacjonalistów.

 

Dołhobyczów to miejscowość położona w województwie lubelskim. Jej mieszkańcy chcieli uczcić 100. rocznicę odzyskania niepodległości przez Polskę poprzez upamiętnienie zwycięskiej bitwy, która miała miejsce 10 grudnia 1918 roku. 1 Pułk Szwoleżerów pod dowództwem mjra Gustawa Orlicz-Dreszera zwyciężył ze decydowanie silniejszą armią Republiki Ludowej.

 

Historia bitwy jest dobrze udokumentowana, zaś rocznica tego zdarzenia jest świętem pułkowym. – W setną rocznicę zwycięskiego boju stoczonego 10 grudnia 1918 r. pod Dołhobyczowem przez 1 Pułk Szwoleżerów pod dowództwem majora Gustawa Orlicz-Dreszera z wojskami Zachodnioukraińskiej Republiki Ludowej. Polegli w boju o Polskę [nazwiska poległych polskich kawalerzystów] – taki napis miał widnieć na tablicy pamiątkowej.
Jak się okazało, Biuro Upamiętniania Walk i Męczeństwa Oddziału IPN w Lublinie nie wyraziło zgody na taki zapis. Wprowadzono zmiany, które mieszkańcy uznali za sprzeczne z ich intencjami. Jak informuje „Nasz Dziennik”, z inskrypcji nakazano usunięcia sformułowania „zwycięski” bój oraz zmiany daty z 10 grudnia na 10-13 grudnia 1918 r. Dodatkowo, napis „polegli w boju o Polskę” skrócono do samego słowa „polegli”.

 

Jak informuje ND, powodem zmian dokonanych przez lubelskie IPN był jeden, niepotwierdzony żadnymi dowodami wers z wydanej w 1974 roku w Kanadzie publikacji ukraińskiego historyka Łwa Szańkowskiego o Ukraińskiej Halickiej Armii. Napisał on, walkę zwyciężyli Ukraińcy.
IPN podkreśla w piśmie, że jest to jedyna znana publikacja ukraińska w tej sprawie. Dodał także, że nikt nie podaje nazwisk poległych Ukraińców. Wspomniał również o polskich źródłach, które mówią zdecydowanie o zwycięstwie Polaków. Instytut załączył też skan strony z publikacji Szańkowskiego, gdzie bitwa ta sprowadza się do zapisu w jednym wersie z adnotacją o wyniku „pozytywnym” dla Ukraińców. Ponadto, data wskazuje na 11 grudnia.
Szańkowski należał do zbrodniczej Organizacji Ukraińskich Nacjonalistów, odznaczono go Pamiątkowym Krzyżem UPA. Jego prace na temat Ukraińskiej Powstańczej Armii, która dopuściła się ludobójstwa, wzbudzają niemało wątpliwości oraz kontrowersji. On sam jest negacjonistą wołyńskim. W 1943 roku był członkiem Krajowego Sztabu Wojskowego OUN(b), skąd zaciągnął się do kolaboracyjnej dywizji Waffen-SS Galizien składającej się m.in. z ukraińskich ochotników.

 

Historyk Wiktor Poliszczuk sądzi, że Szańkowski miał należeć bezpośrednio do UPA i w 1939 roku brać udział w napadach na polskich żołnierzy.
– W sytuacji, gdy dysponowaliśmy sprzecznymi informacjami odnoszącymi się do rezultatu bitwy, przyjęliśmy bezpieczną formułę mówiącą o samym fakcie jej zaistnienia, bez podawania jej rezultatu – mówi dziennikowi dr Mariusz Sawa z Oddziałowego Biura Upamiętniania Walk i Męczeństwa IPN w Lublinie. Jak zauważa portal „Kresy”, w sierpniu 2018 roku lubelski IPN promował na Twitterze artykuł z „Kroniki Tygodnia” odnośnie planowanego upamiętnienia, w którym cytowane są słowa dr Sawy i w którym zawarta jest mowa o polskim zwycięstwie.

 

Źródło: nczas.com
Fot.: Wikipedia
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